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Hounds and Jackals, also known as ‘Dogs and Jackals’, the ‘game of 58 holes’ and the ‘Palm Tree game’, is a game first played in Ancient Egypt around the 9th-12th dynasties. The earliest board yet found was unearthed at Thebes dated to roughly 2100 BC and is one of the best preserved, featuring a palm tree and standing on four short legs. Importantly, it is also complete with 10 pieces in the form of five hound pieces and five jackal pieces heads. Other similar boards and pieces have been found in Ancient Egypt right through to the New Kingdom (~1000 BC).
Ten carved ivory pegs, with heads resembling five hounds and five jackals, were excavated from a tomb at Thebes by Howard Carter in the 1900’s. The original ivory board with its game pieces was discovered as a complete set. The rectangular playing surface, with rounded top, measured six inches long and three inches wide. The animal headed pegs were contained in a drawer underneath; locked by an ivory bolt. Dating back to around 2000BC, the game was a splendid find, and now rests in the Metropolitan Museum of New
More than 40 boards (or fragments of them) have been found, many of them outside Egypt – primarily in Mesopotamia from around 1850 BC through to the Asyrian period (1200-612 BC) , and in Palestine dated to the late Bronze Age (1550-1200 BC). Although these boards were often shaped differently, the overall layout is the same throughout so it is likely that game-play did not vary much over all this time. The game is one of several games played by the Ancient Egyptians, most of them apparently race games. Read More.
Hounds and Jackals is a bit like Senet and thought to be the origin of the modern game of Snakes & Ladders. However, instead of moving pieces on a board like Senet, the players plug hound-headed and jackal-headed pegs into holes in the board.
Hounds And Jackals History: http://www.tradgames.org.uk/games/Hounds-And-Jackals.htm
Hounds And Jackals rule: http://www.cyningstan.com/game/250/dogs-and-jackals
Hounds and Jackals: http://allaboutfunandgames.com/the-ancient-board-game-of-hounds-and-jackals