The printable Mancala boards in this pdf are obviously two dimensional, thus the cup pits are just flat surfaces. However, there should be enough surface area for each cup to house the playing pieces. 40 playing pieces are needed for the board with 10 cups and 2 Kalaha cups, and 48 pieces for the board with 12 cups and 2 Kalaha cups. The game starts with 4 playing pieces in each of the cups but not the Kalaha cups. If one cannot find 48 beads or small stones etc, then there are square printable piece with this pdf. Print on card and cut out or stick to card then cut the pieces out.
1. The board is placed between the two players. They toss a coin to see who goes first.
2. The first player then chooses one of his cups and scoops up all the pieces. The pieces are then placed one at a time into successive cups, moving counter-clockwise around the board.
3. The Kalaha cup to the right of a player is their cup. Pieces placed in a Kalaha cup are points for that player. Players do not drop pieces into their opponent’s Kalaha cup on their left; they skip it and continue dropping pieces until they run out of pieces.
4. If a player drops the last piece into the player’s own Kalaha cup, the player gets to move again picking another cup to scoop from on their own side.
5. If a player drops the last piece into an empty cup on the players’ own side, the player takes that piece, plus the pieces in the opponent’s cup directly opposite and places them in the players own Kalaha cup.
6. Players take turns until a player has no more pieces in any of their cups.
At the end of the game, players count the pieces in their Kalaha cups and the player with the most pieces wins.