(PDF link below. Right click to save to Desktop)
Nine Men’s Morris is believed to have evolved from a simpler version thought of as Three Men’s Morris that dates back to around 1500 BC. The game is also known as: Morelles or Merrills or Merels or Mill, Nine Penny Marl and Cowboy Checkers. In Britain it is typically referred to as Nine Men’s Morris where the word Morris probably transformed from one of the other names, Morelles, Merrills, Merels, which means coin.
The markings for the game have been carved into stone throughout the known ancient lands as far as India and across to Europe and all the way to Ireland. The game as been found on wooden boards as well as stone and no doubt were often produced on cloth, or chalked anywhere appropriate at the time. The game has been written about in old literature and even depicted in medieval Europe painings. The Romans are the ones who, more than likely, brought the game to Europe.
Nine Men’s Morris, Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nine_Men%27s_Morris