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Five lines is the modern name for a board game (Pente Grammai) that comes from ancient Greece. We have no record of it ever having a name in ancient times. Pollux mentions the game in his Onomasticon but does not give it a name. The earliest written reference to the game is from 600 BCE in a verse by Alkaios. The earliest examples of actual game boards are from grave goods dating back to the 7th century BCE. It is nowhere near the oldest known board game, but it is still old.
It is interesting to note that this is a game that is frequently ignored by both history and game scholars. Very little information is available about the game beyond the game board finds. Any attempt to recreate the rules is purely speculative.
The text above is the product of Hobby Lark: https://hobbylark.com/board-games/The-Ancient-Greek-Board-Game-of-Five-Lines
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